“Of Mosquitoes and Killer Bees”

By | News

By Clifford H. Bloom, Esq.
Bloom Sluggett Morgan, PC
Grand Rapids, Michigan

There have been many headaches for lakefront property owners in Michigan over the years, particularly with regard to the latest watercraft “toy”.  During the 1960’s and 1970’s, the main safety problem on inland lakes was speed boats (with or without water skiers) operated in a fast or unsafe fashion.  During the 1980’s, the proliferation of jet skis or personal watercraft struck many riparians as a nuisance and safety hazard.  Today, riparians are becoming increasingly concerned about the popularity of “wave boats” (also sometimes referred to as bladder boats, wave runner boats or wakeboard boats).  Unfortunately, the impact of wave boats on Michigan inland lakes appears to be dramatically worse than the negative consequences of personal watercraft and conventional speed boats.  As one law enforcement officer put it, personal watercraft are mosquitoes and problem speed boats are bumble bees, while wave boats are African killer bees!

What is a wave boat?  It is a watercraft of speed boat size (or slightly larger in some cases) that uses mechanical means to fill reservoirs (sometimes called “bladders”) with water or other liquid to increase the boat’s weight and mass, and to raise or lower the boat in the water.  Depending upon how a wave boat is operated, it can throw a tremendous wake and create huge artificial waves.  In fact, such boats are actually designed and intended to throw huge waves.  That is part of the fun associated with these watercraft – they create waves that can be “surfed” by water skiers or wake boarders.

There are three major concerns regarding the use of wave boats in inland lakes.  First, on many lakes, they have had severe negative environmental impacts.  If one of the purposes of a wave boat is to create huge waves, that goal has proven all too successful!  On some lakes, wave boats have caused considerable erosion along the shoreline and banks of the lake.  Many riparian landowners have had to install new seawalls, rocks and other shoreline protection devices to protect against the huge waves and wakes intentionally generated by wave boats.  Some riparians have even had to install larger seawalls to guard against increased erosion, as their existing seawalls are not adequate.  Wave boats also keep the water “churned up,” particularly in shallower areas, thus disturbing plant life, fish, aquatic insects and other natural lake organisms.

The second negative impact of wave boats is property destruction (beyond the negative impacts of erosion).  Riparians throughout the state have reported instances of moored boats being swamped, boat tether lines snapping, adjoining anchored boats being slammed into each other and similar property destruction caused by the huge waves generated by wave boats.

The third and final problem associated with wave boats involves safety.  There have been reports throughout Michigan of people being thrown off swim rafts and even other boats due to the waves generated by a wave boat passing too close.  The risk for bodily injury and even death to others associated with wave boats passing too close to (or even running into) other boats, swim rafts, fishing boats, or swimmers is obvious.

Can anything be done to solve the problems associated with wave boats?  Many believe that wave boats should only be operated on the Great Lakes (and at some distance from the shore) or in very large inland lakes far away from the shore.  However, there is no statute in Michigan that regulates or treats wave boats differently than conventional speed boats or pontoons.  For decades, it has been the general policy of the State of Michigan not to “discriminate” against any particular type of boat or watercraft.  A cynic might say that state officials believe that any type of substantial regulation of watercraft (including even potentially dangerous watercraft) would adversely impact tourism.

It is likely that the most practical way of minimizing the adverse impacts of wave boats is to vigorously enforce state boating laws.  For example, any type of motor or power boat operated at greater than a slow or no-wake speed must remain at least 100 feet away from the shore, a dock or swim raft, a marked swim area, a swimmer or an anchored vessel.  Both careless and reckless use of a watercraft are illegal.  Water skiers and wakeboard users must also generally remain at least 100 feet away from any dock, swimming area or an anchored vessel.  If such regulations are vigorously enforced, it could minimize the dangerous aspects of wave boats and even lessen shoreline erosion, but not completely solve the problem.

In addition, associations for lakes with heavy power boat usage (including potentially, wave boats) should consider “purchasing” extra sheriff marine safety patrol hours.  That is a fairly common practice for many populated lakes throughout Michigan.  The physical presence of law enforcement officials on a given lake normally does have a big impact upon boating speed and safety.

Some owners of wave boats argue that it is not fair to “profile” or “discriminate against” a particular type of watercraft.  However, it cannot be denied that the impacts of wave boats on inland lakes in Michigan (particularly, smaller lakes) can be much more severe than conventional speed boats.  Few would argue that it would be appropriate to use a huge cabin cruiser or a “cigar” power boat in a small inland lake.  Highly specialized race cars of the type used at the Indianapolis 500 or the Daytona 500 races could be driven on the streets of a residential subdivision, but that certainly would not be safe or reasonable!  The problems associated with wave boats are different from other watercraft, not only in kind but also in magnitude and intensity.

Update: Legislation that May Impact Lakefront Property Owners in Michigan

By | News

By Paul J. Sniadecki, MLSA Board Director

This article was written to update readers about legislation previously reported on within past editions of this newsletter or within The Michigan Riparian magazine:


Introduced on February 22, 2018, the bill was referred to the House committee on Natural Resources. Subsequent Public Hearings occurred with the Farm Bureau supporting the reduction in process review steps, and the non-disclosure of certain water data  Numerous organizations, including Trout Unlimited and the nonprofit For the Love Of Water (FLOW) , opposed the Bill because of the potential impact on groundwater and waterways.

Up to this point, anyone seeking to siphon more than 100,000 gallons per day of groundwater, water from our rivers, or the Great Lakes, must receive approval and report the amount of water they use to the DEQ, under requirements of the multi-state Great Lakes Compact (2008).  Data from such withdrawals is also generally publicly available through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).

On May 16, 2018, the House passed Substitute Bills H-3 and H-5, which scaled back some of the initially proposed relaxation of regulations and data secrecy provisions. The House and Senate votes were overwhelmingly in favor of the modified water withdrawal requirements. The fast moving legislation reached Governor Snyder’s desk on June 11, 2018, and it is unknown if he will sign it.  Future articles in this newsletter or the RIPARIAN magazine will provide more information as it becomes available.

SHORT-TERM RENTALS – House Bill 4503 (2017) and Senate Bill 329 (2017)

Since 4/25/2017, HB4503 has been referred to House Committee on Tourism and Outdoor Recreation with no subsequent action taken by the Michigan House. Likewise the companion Senate Bill 0329 (2017) has been referred to the Senate Committee on Local Government, with no subsequent action taken by the Michigan Senate.

Around the state, supporters, and opponents of the proposed legislation remain vocal about the proposed laws designed to pre-empt local zoning control of such property uses.   The Michigan Municipal League and the Michigan Townships Association both oppose the legislation because, as written, the State would permit such rentals in most zoning districts.

The city of Grand Haven MI, on the sunset coast of Michigan, is a recent example of how local government worked with property owners for several months, and received significant public input, before implementing an ordinance regulating short-term rentals in a manner that permitted rentals in certain zoning districts, while also prohibiting short-term rentals in several neighborhoods.

Legislative observers believe the matter is still pending and could see action sometime before the December 2018 House and Senate recess.

UNIFORM SEPTIC CODE – House Bills 5752 and 5753

On March 22,2018 House Bills 5752 and 5753 were referred to the House Committee on Natural Resources.  The Bills would add Part 128 (Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems) to the Public Health Code to establish state and local standards for onsite wastewater treatment systems (commonly called septic systems)

Septic systems are a form of onsite sewage treatment common in rural Michigan communities, homes surrounding lakes/streams, and throughout some suburban communities as well. The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) estimates there are 130,000 failing systems currently operating in Michigan. That represents about 1-in-10 of more than 1.3-million systems installed statewide.  The DEQ further estimates that Michigan’s numerous failing septic systems release upwards of 31 million gallons of raw sewage every day into our groundwater, which then can enter our lakes and streams/rivers. Yet, Michigan is the only state in the country without a uniform septic code.

 House Representatives Hammoud and Lower introduced the Bills, with no other sponsors.  No hearing dates have been set as of June 14, 2018.

An Open Letter to the Michigan State Waterways Commission

By | News

By Scott Brown

Michigan Lake Stewardship Associations
Executive Director

For over sixty years, our members, lakefront property owners and their respective lake associations have voluntarily placed themselves at the forefront of a seemingly never ending battle with an increasingly widespread and destructive array of exotic aquatic invasive species. Through self-imposed Special Assessment Districts that fund local efforts to mitigate the harmful influences of the invasive plants and animals that have entered their lakes primarily through public boating access sites, lake associations have placed themselves at the epicenter of efforts to preserve and protect the recreational and economic value of thousands of Michigan’s inland lakes. In 2017, for example, lakefront property owners contributed over 30 million dollars to fund efforts to control the harmful influences of invasive species. The heroic efforts of Michigan’s lake associations have made significant contributions to helping preserve viable recreational boating and fishing opportunities for hundreds of thousands of members of the general public, robust outdoor activities that generate approximately five billion dollars annually in support of Michigan’s economy.

It is unfortunate to note, however, that after more than seventy years since the first introductions of aquatic invasive species to Michigan waters, our state government has yet to enact legislation that would create an effective and sustainable aquatic invasive species management funding mechanism that would serve to redistribute a sizable, though equitable portion of the financial burden for the cost of aquatic invasive species management to Michigan’s expansive public recreational boating and fishing communities. For far too long, Michigan lake communities have been asked to singularly shoulder the entire burden of aquatic invasive species management while the recreational boating and fishing public as well as citizen stakeholders who continue to reap the benefits of navigable waters and good fishing have not been asked to contribute a fair and equitable amount with which to help support and sustain these efforts. In an era defined by the increasing inability to identify a single public boating access enabled inland lake within Michigan that is not currently hosting one or more exotic aquatic invasive species, it is evident that secondary dispersal enabled by transient recreational watercraft has resulted in a dramatic expansion of the scale of exotic aquatic species invasions.

Occurring in a rapidly expanding stepping-stone fashion, inland lakes that have hosted successful introductions of exotic aquatic invasive species, and that also host public boating access facilities, are known to serve as regional source hubs for the secondary dispersal of those species. Scientists, ecologists, and water resource managers throughout the state have acknowledged that on-going bio-invasions being perpetrated by highly aggressive and rapidly colonizing aquatic invasive plants such as Starry stonewort will ultimately require significantly greater public funding as well as intensive collaboration between state government and water resource stakeholders in order to mitigate their increasingly widespread deleterious influences.

In light of these indisputable facts, Michigan Lake Stewardship Associations, in partnership with the Michigan Waterfront Alliance, respectively encourages the Michigan State Waterways Commission to join us in working collaboratively in seeking viable solutions to the single most important problem confronting our vast treasure of inland lakes. While we are encouraged by, and are thankful for the opportunity to work with the senior leadership of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources Parks and Recreation Division within the context of a newly formed AIS Task Force, we recognize that the challenge of preventing or of slowing the spread of exotic invasive species within our inland waters represents a daunting task. We recognize, for example, that without sufficient funding to sustain the level of statewide effort that will ultimately be required to address this steadily escalating water resources management problem, our efforts are destined to fail. For this reason, we would encourage members of the Waterways Commission to work with us in encouraging the state legislature to appropriate substantially greater aquatic invasive species management funding, and/or to enact legislation that would establish a sustainable funding mechanism, such as a specially designated aquatic invasive species prevention and management watercraft registration fee, that in our opinion should also include the hundreds of thousands of small personal watercraft such as kayaks that are also known to facilitate new invasive species introductions.

It has been suggested that grossly inadequate aquatic exotic invasive species prevention funding places all of us in the untenable position of having to passively accept new introductions, and their often harmful economic and ecological consequences. Failure to effectively respond to this on-going crisis will result in a significant increase in both the frequency and scale of exotic aquatic species invasions that occur in Michigan waters. We would like members of the Waterways Commission to know that Michigan Lake Stewardship Associations, and the Michigan Waterfront Alliance are fully committed to expending the time, energy, and resources that will be necessary to accomplish these goals on behalf our vast treasure of freshwater gems. Thank you for your attention.

It’s MISIN Time!

By | News


by Paul J. Sniadecki, ML&SA Board Director

The annual spring lake overturns have occurred, the water is clear, boats are on the water, and so… It’s MISIN Time!  The next few weeks provide the best and easiest opportunity to check your lake for new infestations of Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS).  If you have your smartphone loaded with the MISIN mobile app, you can report any new AIS infestations directly from the AIS location on the water.

 The Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN) is a regional data aggregation effort to develop and provide an early detection and rapid response (EDRR) resource for invasive species in the Midwest region of the United States. Currently, thirteen states are active participants, and there is some data available from other parts of the country as well.

MISIN is led by researchers with the Michigan State University Department of Entomology Laboratory for Applied Spatial Ecology and Technical Services in conjunction with a growing consortium of supporting partners.  The goal of this regional resource is to assist both experts and citizen scientists (essentially anyone reading this article) in the detection and identification of invasive species. Data collected allows for the development and implementation of effective control strategies in the region.  User selected maps can also be generated to display locations of AIS infestations.

The MISIN smartphone app provides a mobile solution for the capture of invasive species field observation data. You can play an important role in the early detection and rapid response to new invasive threats in your area by contributing invasive species observations to the MISIN database.  All you have to do is register as a user in the MISIN system, download the appropriate smartphone app, and then login. It only takes about 5 minutes, and full participation is free.  If you don’t have a smartphone (or have fears about dropping your device into the lake), you can login with your home computer and enter your data that way.  An amazing feature of MISIN is the system also collects information about discoveries of terrestrial (land based) invasive species.  MISIN also contains tutorials about AIS plants, and full color pictures of each species.

When you first become a MISIN participant, please check your lake/stream to determine if there are any previous reported entries in the database. Duplicate entries for the same AIS plants, in the same location, should be avoided.  However, newly discovered locations of AIS in different parts of lakes/streams should be entered and reported. The easiest way to do that is by first selecting the EXPLORE tab on the home page, and then select the BROWSE DATA tab.  Another feature to try (and there are numerous features)

is the “Maps On Demand” found by using the TOOLS tab.  You select the data you want displayed on a map, and MISIN generates a high quality map that is sent to your email address in less than 2 minutes.  My map requests for AIS Hydrilla and Starry stonewort, and the terrestrial Japanese knotweed, produced some interesting results.

Riparians are encouraged to ensure any AIS infestations in their lake/streams are properly recorded in the MISIN database.  That will help ensure the full magnitude of Invasive Species problems are documented.  After about 10 minutes of using the system, it will be easy for you to say, Anytime is MISIN Time!   To Access MISIN:


Michigan Waterways Commission Takes Bold Action

By | News

By Paul J. Sniadecki, ML&SA Board Director

The Michigan Waterways Commission (WWC) is a seven-member advisory board appointed by the Michigan Governor. The WWC works with the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) on the use of dedicated funds, provided by boaters, for the acquisition, development and maintenance of Public Harbors and Boating Access Sites (BAS) on inland lakes, as well as certain locks and dams. The main revenue available to the WWC comes from Watercraft Registration Fees and Marine Fuel Taxes.

The “bold action” occurred on February 23, 2018, when the WWC adopted Resolution No 02-2018-01, which proposed that the Michigan Legislature create the “Michigan Boating Access, Public Safety, and Economic Development Act of 2018.” Element No 6 of the Resolution asks the legislature to “…Consider a separate surcharge (sticker) for invasive species control for all vessels including non-resident craft…”

That bold step by the WWC suggests Michigan should begin to broadly fund Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS) control in a manner aligned with processes already in place by several other progressive states. It also seeks to place the fees on ALL watercraft that use the waters of Michigan, not just Michigan Boaters. As many riparians have concluded, the main pathway for the spread of AIS is contaminated watercraft moving between lakes/streams, and this proposal has the potential to address some of those concerns.

The precise provisions of how such a program would work are not known at this time. However, riparians are encouraged to be vigilant and be ready to support the proposed act, if the details are favorable for true AIS control. Hopefully the future language would include a spending formula that funds preventive actions (e.g. Decontamination Stations at all boating access sites), as well as funds for the annual treatment of AIS in already infested lakes/streams (e.g. matching funds for Special Assessment Districts established for AIS control).

Some opposition to Resolution No. 02-2018-01 is already forming because the WWC resolution also proposes that kayaks, canoes, and paddle boards be subject to registration fees. Currently, such watercraft pay no fees for the use of Michigan water held in trust by the state.

ML&SA will monitor developments on this matter and provide updates via the monthly e-newsletter and The Michigan Riparian magazine. Officials from ML&SA, as well as the Michigan Waterfront Alliance (MWA) ( have invested considerable time reaching out to State of Michigan officials for comprehensive care concerning AIS in our inland lakes. MWA is the organization that can lobby elected officials for changes. ML&SA By-Laws Article 3, Section 3.1(g) permits ML&SA “… to review and submit proposals to administrative and legislative bodies regarding statutes, ordinances, and regulations impacting water-related resources and riparian properties.”

MLSA launches new website to find your local water resources!

By | News
by Alisha Davidson, PhD
ML&SA Research and Development Coordinator


We know it can be difficult to find (and find contact information for) organizations such as local lake associations, drain commissioners, DEQ/DNR offices, land conservancies, and watershed councils. In an effort to assist members in finding answers to their water-related questions and concerns, and getting more involved in water resource management, ML&SA has developed the Michigan Directory of Lake Organizations. This directory allows members to search by a variety of fields, including county, lake, and type of organization.

This directory can be accessed by clicking here or by pasting the following link directly:

This directory is obviously not complete; we are almost certainly missing organizations. We are therefore asking members for their help – please search in your area and look for organizations such as lake associations we might be missing. For every organization you provide, you will be entered to win  a one year subscription to The Michigan Riparian magazine. Winners will be drawn on Labor Day weekend. Please email Alisha Davidson at  with new entries and/or feedback on the directory.

Proposed Changes for Large Water Withdrawls

By | News

Submitted by Paul J Sniadecki, ML&SA Board Director

On February 22, 2018, State Rep. Aaron Miller (R-Sturgis MI) introduced MI House Bill 5638 that would allow farms or businesses withdrawing large amounts of Michigan groundwater to bypass the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality’s (MDEQ) modeling tool currently used to evaluate such proposals. Use of the tool has been a requirement since 2009. Instead, applicants could gain approval by submitting their own expert analyses showing that inland lakes, streams, and fish would not be adversely impacted. Further, if the applicant is a farmer, all of their submitted data and analyses — even how much water they propose to withdraw — would be exempt from disclosure under the Michigan Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) .

There are 24 House Representatives joining Miller in sponsoring HB 5638. If passed, the changes to MCL 324.32706c would shift the MDEQ’s review process for large quantity groundwater withdrawals toward default approval, and further exempt certain data on agricultural water use from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).

In Michigan, using water for agricultural irrigation is the largest type of “consumptive” water use. Large irrigation systems consume ground water via evaporation, plant absorption, and run-off, so some or all of the water used is not returned to the local ecosystem.

Some Michigan environmental groups say the legislation is an attempt to dismantle water resource protection. The legislation would, essentially, relegate the DEQ to merely monitoring water use rather than ensuring overuse doesn’t harm the environment. Some have noted the proposed changes include a “rebuttable presumption” that would, essentially, require the DEQ to automatically approve large water withdrawal applications if they come with a hydro-geological analysis. The DEQ would get 10 days to review the analysis and, if there were concerns, would still have to grant a provisional approval. The well owner would then have to measure water levels over two summers before a final approval is considered.

Miller says the goal is to help farmers in Southwest Michigan, where there’s increasing demand for corporate seed crops, to get approval for irrigation wells in areas where there’s already multiple wells. Miller says he only wants to help farmers in his district avoid costly delays in getting water for their crops and livestock, using the best science possible to ensure rivers and streams are protected. The bill was crafted with help from the Michigan Farm Bureau.

On February 28, 2018, the House Natural Resource Committee held the initial hearing for HB 5638. Citizen and industry attendance was high, and it appears as though another hearing will be scheduled. As of March 14, 2018, no further action was taken by Committee.

Riparians interested in large quantity water withdrawals can review the proposed bill posted on the state website, and can contact their Michigan House Representative with links at .

(NOTE: Portions of this article were first reported by the DETROIT FREE PRESS and MLIVE-Michigan)

Michigan Lake and Stream Associations Mourns the Loss of our President and Good Friend Dick Morey

By | News

Dick Morey 1By all measures, our dear friend and colleague Richard “Dick” Morey lived a full and meaningful life.

Passing away on the evening of Wednesday, January 31st, Dick’s 79 year purposeful journey came to a peaceful end in the presence of his loving wife Darlene, son Scott, and best friend Jim Sullivan at his Magician Lake home following a courageous yearlong battle with cancer.

To say to say that Dick will be sorely missed by everyone who knew him represents a profound understatement. As amicable and as “down to earth” as anyone could possibly be, Dick’s life was essentially defined by his love and devotion to family and friends, and by a remarkable history of dedicating significant portions of his time, energy, and talents to giving back to his community and working to improve the lives of others. In spite of having lived an extraordinarily productive and accomplishment filled life, our friend Dick always maintained his humble demeanor and held true to the core values and lessons learned as a young man growing up in the southwest Michigan community of Niles.

A member of the Niles High School Class of 1956, Dick resumed his academic career at Michigan State University where he majored in marketing and played trumpet in the Spartan marching band. Graduating in 1961 with a newly minted four year degree, Dick soon began a highly successful twenty six year career as a regional marketing and sales manager for Amoco. Marrying the love of his life Darlene in the fall of 1966, the couple would raise daughter Stacy and son Scott in Saginaw, Michigan and Crete, Illinois, and would move to their lakefront home on Magician Lake in Cass County following his retirement from Amoco.

The opportunity to retire at a relatively young age would offer Dick the chance to pursuit a second rewarding career as a school teacher, coach, golf instructor, and mentor as well as the time to get involved in the Magician Lake Improvement Association where he served as Treasurer for many years. Initially becoming involved with Michigan Lake and Stream Associations in 2004 as a regional representative, Dick would eventually become a member of the Board of Directors. Assuming the Presidency of ML&SA in 2014 following the death of our good friend Sue Vomish, Dick’s unique “never micromanage” leadership style and ability to work with and inspire others played a major role in ML&SA achieving a period defined by peace, prosperity, growth, and stability.

Thank you Dick! Your love, friendship, fun loving spirit, and immense contributions to our organization and to our lives will not be soon forgotten!

Darlene Morey would like everyone to know that a public “celebration of Dick’s life” will be held this spring on an as of yet to be determined date in Dowagiac. We will inform the readers of our monthly newsletter of the exact date, time, and location of the event when it becomes available in the coming weeks.

Research on Starry stonewort Treatment Helps Management Efforts

By | News

Submitted by Paul J. Sniadecki, ML&SA Board Director

On going scientific study in the state of Minnesota has resulted in some key findings for the treatment of starry stonewart. The knowledge gained in Minnesota can be directly applied to the many lakes in Michigan with Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS) infestations of starry stonewort. A forthcoming 2018 paper from researchers and their collaborators at the Minnesota Aquatic Invasive Species Cooperative Research Center (MAISRC) at the University of Minnesota, will help inform starry stonewort management efforts for inland lakes. Researchers found that mechanical and algaecide treatments greatly reduced starry stonewort biomass, but that bulbils – small, star-shaped structures that can regenerate into new  plants – remained viable after treatment. The project consisted of both field and lab work to evaluate the effects of mechanical and algaecide treatments on starry stonewort biomass, bulbil density, and bulbil viability. Researchers examined several areas of Koronis lake that had undergone different treatments, including a channel that was mechanically harvested, an area that was treated only with algaecide, and an area that was first mechanically harvested and then treated with algaecide. The results of each treatment were compared to an untreated reference area. This research was conducted in collaboration with the Koronis Lake Association and Blue Water Science, a lake management firm. Key findings included:

1. The algaecide (chelated copper) treatment on its own significantly reduced starry stonewort biomass, but failed to reduce bulbil density and the capacity of starry stonewort to regenerate via bulbils.

2. Combining the algaecide treatment with mechanical harvesting also significantly reduced starry stonewort biomass, and was associated with lower bulbil viability.

These findings underscore that a multi-pronged approach to starry stonewort control that includes both chemical and mechanical management has potential to improve outcomes. Determining how to prevent the recovery of starry stonewort from bulbils that remained viable after treatment needs further investigation using scientific methods. Applied research on the efficacy of starry stonewort treatment options has been extremely limited; but MAISRC is filling a critical knowledge gap with this work. The paper will soon be published in Lake and Reservoir Management, An International Journal of the North American Lake Management Society This invasive alga has now been found in only eleven (11) Minnesota lakes (compared to the scores of lakes in Michigan) and can grow tall and dense, interfering with recreation and potentially displacing native species. To date, treatment options have been limited and the species has proven difficult to control. Since 2012, the Minnesota Legislature has appropriated significant funds to create the Minnesota Aquatic Invasive Species Cooperative Research Center (MAISRC) at the University of Minnesota, in collaboration with the Minnesota Commissioner of Natural Resources, MNDNR. (NOTE: Portions of this article originally appeared in the February 2018 Newsletter issued by MAISRC)